Para alpine skiing is practised worldwide and features five disciplines: downhill, slalom, giant slalom, super-G and super combined. Athletes combine speed and agility while racing down slopes at speeds of around 100km/h.
The sport was developed following the end of the Second World War, when injured ex-servicemen returned to the sport they loved. In 1948, the first Para alpine skiing courses were offered.
Two disciplines, slalom and giant slalom were introduced at the first Paralympic Winter Games in Ornskoldsvik, Sweden, in 1976. Downhill was added to the Paralympic programme in 1984 in Innsbruck, Austria, and super-G was added in 1994 at Lillehammer, Norway. Sit-skiing was introduced as a medal event at the Nagano 1998 Games.
Paralympic competition accommodates male and female athletes with a physical and vision impairment. Athletes compete in three categories based on their functional ability and a times factoring system allows athletes with different impairments to compete against each other.